Jiang Zemin

(1926– )
   Veteran Chinese communist leader who unexpectedly rose to power in the People’s Republic of China after the fall of Zhao Ziyang and crushing of the pro-democracy movement in June 1989. Jiang trained as an electrical engineer and worked in the machine building industry for 26 years. He kept a low profile during the Cultural Revolution, his political career only becoming noteworthy in the 1980s. With his background he became vice chairman of the State Council’s commissions on imports, exports and foreign investments in 1980 and from 1982 to 1985 he served as electronic industry minister. In 1985 he became mayor of Shanghai and during this time he defused student protests without resort to the military. After the outbreak of the Tiananmen Square protests in 1989 Jiang was the first provincial leader to indicate his support for martial law in Beijing, and he was brought to the capital by Deng Xiaoping after the Tiananmen Square massacre and made a member of the Politburo Standing Committee and the party Secretariat. In November 1989 he succeeded Deng Xiaoping, becoming president of the People’s Republic of China and general secretary of the Chinese Communist Party. Jiang has overseen gradual economic reforms in China, although favoring a much more conservative approach to change in the political sphere.

Historical dictionary of Marxism. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jiang Zemin — 江泽民 General Secretary of the Communist Party of China In office 24 June 1989 – 15 November 2002 ( 1000000000000001300000013 years, 10000000000000144000 …   Wikipedia

  • Jiang Zemin — (18. Juli 2000) Jiang Zemin (chinesisch 江澤民 / 江泽民 Jiāng Zémín, W. G. Chiang Tsê min; * 17. August 1926 in Yangzhou, Jiangsu) ist ein chinesischer Staatsmann und Politiker. Jiang …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jiang Zemin — Secretario General del Partido Comunista Chino …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jiang Zemin —   [dʒjaȖ ], chinesischer Politiker, * Yangzhou (Provinz Jiangsu) 17. 8. 1926; Ingenieur; wurde 1982 Mitglied des ZK und 1987 des Politbüros der KPCh; 1983 85 Minister für Elektronikindustrie, ab 1985 Bürgermeister von Schanghai, 1987 89… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Jiang Zemin — (né en 1926) homme politique chinois; secrétaire du parti communiste (1989), chef de l état (1993) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Jiang Zemin — [jē äŋ′ zə min′] 1926 ; Chin. Communist leader: general secretary of the Communist Party (1989 2002); president of China (1993 2002) …   English World dictionary

  • Jiang Zemin — Dans ce nom chinois, le nom de famille, Jiang, précède le prénom. Jiang Zemin 江泽民 Jiang Zemin en 2000. Mandats …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jiang Zemin — /jyahng zue min /, n. born 1926, Chinese Communist leader: general secretary of the Communist Party since 1989, president of China since 1993. * * * born Aug. 17, 1926, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, China General secretary of the Chinese Communist Party… …   Universalium

  • Jiang Zemin — Éste es un nombre chino; el apellido es Jiang. Jiang Zemin (chino simplificado: 江泽民, chino tradicional: 江澤民, pinyin: Jiāng Zémín) (Yangzhou, provincia de Jiangsu, 17 de agosto de 1926), político chino. Fue …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jiang Zemin — Jiang Ze|min (1926 ) a Chinese politician who became leader of China and the ↑Communist Party after ↑Deng Xiaoping died in 1997 …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Jiang Zemin — Jiang Ze•min [[t]ˈdʒyɑŋ ˈzœ ˈmɪn[/t]] n. big born 1926, Chinese Communist leader: general secretary of the Communist Party since 1989, president of China since 1993 …   From formal English to slang

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